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Why the Trinity Is NOT Polytheism

July 10, 2022

“…The doctrine of the Trinity is the belief that there is only one living and true God.  Yet, the one God is three distinct Persons:  God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.  These three have distinct personal attributes, but without division of nature, essence, or being.  They enjoy eternal communion and are coeternal and coequal.

The doctrine of the Trinity denies tritheism.  Tritheism is the belief that there are three gods…The doctrine of the Trinity also refutes modalism.  Modalism is the belief that God is only one Person who appears in different modes at different times. The three Persons of the Trinity exist simultaneously… [1A]”

Biblical Foundation

Though the term “Trinity” does not appear in the Bible, there is strong biblical evidence for the Trinity.

A. God the Father

God the Father is mentioned in the both the Old and New Testaments.  See, for instance, Deut. 32: 18; Ps. 68: 5, and 89: 26; Malachi 2: 10; Matt. 6: 1; John 1: 18 and 6: 27; 2 Cor. 1: 3; and Gal. 1: 1 [2].

B. God the Son

Christ is repeatedly identified as God (and one with the Father), in the both the Old and New Testaments.  See, for instance, Ps. 45: 6-7, and 110: 1; Isa. 9: 6; Matt. 3: 17; John 1: 1, 1: 18, 5: 18, 6: 46, 8: 42, 10: 15, 13: 3, 14: 6, 15: 1, and 20: 28.

C.  God the Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit is identified as equal to and proceeding from the Father and Son at Joel 2: 28; Matt. 28: 19; John 14: 26; Acts 2: 33; and Gal. 4: 6.

Early Church

There is, also, strong evidence for belief in the Trinity by the early church fathers [1B].  The doctrine was not an error imposed by the Council of Nicea in 325 AD, as some believe.

An Infinite God

We do not fully comprehend the mystery of the Trinity.  This should not be surprising, since we are finite beings attempting to understand an infinite God.

[1]  North American Mission Board (NAMB),  “The Trinity” by Bill Gordon, 3/30/16,

[2]  Please, note that this is not an exhaustive study of the Trinity.  There are many other biblical references not cited here.


From → Christian, Faith, Religion

  1. I love your website

  2. What about the Word as described in 1John 1:1? Here John ascribed “he” to the Word allowing for personage suggesting that the Word was treated equal to the Son but not being the Son.

    • As limited human beings, we cannot fully understand the mystery of the Trinity. With all do respect, however, I think you are misreading the passage from 1 John. The Apostle John says of Christ at John 1: 1-3 “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.

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  1. Why the Trinity Is NOT Polytheism – Tonya LaLonde

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